1834 – Manila port opened by the Spanish colonial government for trading.
1896 – Rizal was executed at Bagumbayan Field of what is now popularly called Luneta Park. Revolution ensued because of it.
1897 – The Katipunan was replaced by a new government headed by Emilio Aguinaldo as president. Andres Bonifacio resisted and built his own government, but was executed together with his brother for treason.
1898 – The US bought the Philippines for US$ 20 million from Spain, and staged a mock Battle of Manila Bay to make it appear as a legitimate war between the US and Spain.
1899 – The start of Philippine-American War that lasted for three years.